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Research Article 


Impact of Development of Bogor Nirwana Resident (BNR) Housing on Indigenous Peoples and Environment

Rudi Iskandar, Ahmad Syukron.

Abstract
In the period 2013-2017, the wetland area in Bogor City has dropped dramatically to 245.7 ha (BPS of Bogor City, 2018). The main factor is the high demand for housing. Therefore it is important to examine the impact of housing development on Indigenous Peoples and Environment. Environmental impacts include the physical environment, the socio-cultural environment and the socio-economic environment.
The method used in this study is Descriptive Quantitative by means of explanatory surveys. Explanatory Survey is the result of a survey conducted, then given a detailed explanation. The survey instrument contains questions that emphasize the impact of Bogor Nirwana Resident (BNR) housing development. BNR Housing is located in Bogor Selatan District, Bogor City. The survey was conducted on residents with the status of head of household who from the beginning lived in a residential neighborhood BNR (indigenous people) had a home and identity KTP. The analysis techniques in the explanatory survey are frequency, cross tabulation, and chi Square which are very useful in exploring the basic information from the respondents.
The results of the study show that (1). The physical environmental impacts are: It is increasingly difficult to obtain clean water, in all villages / sub-districts bordering the BNR housing environment. One of the causes of the difficulty of getting clean water is because this area was originally a water catchment area, then housing was built. Therefore, it results in reduced ability to absorb water, and increase runoff of water. As a result, the potential for ground water which was originally large changed to shrink. Another reason is the use of water by the tourist attraction "The Jungle of Water Park" in the BNR housing complex, which absorbs a lot of water use. (2). The impact of the socio-cultural environment is that environmental hygiene is worse, in almost all village locations. Likewise the loss of some ancestral traditions and culture. It was also seen that the symptoms of "shock culture" began to appear, shocked by the arrival of new (urban) culture. Another impact is the fading of the tradition of helping each other neighbors / relatives and the emergence of symptoms of individualism. However, the positive impact of socio-culture is the opening of the region, the reduction of social problems such as theft and other insecurities, in some villages. (3). The impact of the socio-economic environment is the condition of village infrastructure that is getting better. This situation is certainly not solely due to BNR housing development, but also other factors, namely the extent to which village funds are used to build village infrastructure. The current condition of transportation facilities is getting better in almost all villages.

Key words: Environmental Impact (physical, socio-cultural and economic, indigenous people), BNR Housing


 
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Pubmed Style

Rudi Iskandar, Ahmad Syukron. Impact of Development of Bogor Nirwana Resident (BNR) Housing on Indigenous Peoples and Environment. EEO. 2021; 20(5): 6244-6250. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.702


Web Style

Rudi Iskandar, Ahmad Syukron. Impact of Development of Bogor Nirwana Resident (BNR) Housing on Indigenous Peoples and Environment. http://ilkogretim-online.org//?mno=77370 [Access: April 29, 2021]. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.702


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rudi Iskandar, Ahmad Syukron. Impact of Development of Bogor Nirwana Resident (BNR) Housing on Indigenous Peoples and Environment. EEO. 2021; 20(5): 6244-6250. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.702



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rudi Iskandar, Ahmad Syukron. Impact of Development of Bogor Nirwana Resident (BNR) Housing on Indigenous Peoples and Environment. EEO. (2021), [cited April 29, 2021]; 20(5): 6244-6250. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.702



Harvard Style

Rudi Iskandar, Ahmad Syukron (2021) Impact of Development of Bogor Nirwana Resident (BNR) Housing on Indigenous Peoples and Environment. EEO, 20 (5), 6244-6250. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.702



Turabian Style

Rudi Iskandar, Ahmad Syukron. 2021. Impact of Development of Bogor Nirwana Resident (BNR) Housing on Indigenous Peoples and Environment. Elementary Education Online, 20 (5), 6244-6250. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.702



Chicago Style

Rudi Iskandar, Ahmad Syukron. "Impact of Development of Bogor Nirwana Resident (BNR) Housing on Indigenous Peoples and Environment." Elementary Education Online 20 (2021), 6244-6250. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.702



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rudi Iskandar, Ahmad Syukron. "Impact of Development of Bogor Nirwana Resident (BNR) Housing on Indigenous Peoples and Environment." Elementary Education Online 20.5 (2021), 6244-6250. Print. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.702



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rudi Iskandar, Ahmad Syukron (2021) Impact of Development of Bogor Nirwana Resident (BNR) Housing on Indigenous Peoples and Environment. Elementary Education Online, 20 (5), 6244-6250. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.702








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