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Research Article 


DIGITAL DIVIDE DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC AMONG UNDERGRADUAT STUDENTS OF PUNJAB, PAKISTAN

Imdad Ullah Khan, Luigi Pio Leonardo Cavaliere, Mazhar Ali.

Abstract
This study investigated the context of the digital divide among Undergraduate Students
during COVID-19. The purpose of the study was to determine if the digital divide exists as
regards access and use of ICT of Undergraduate Students. A questionnaire administrated to
350 stratified sample participants. The participants were asked to describe their profile
and available ICT resources and their usage. The authors used quantitative research
employing descriptive correlational survey technique and stratified sampling method. The
construction of the instrument was based on the Digital Divide Survey. The study's central
findings revealed that the digital divide does not exist as predicted by demographic factors
such as age, sex, household income (monthly), and living areas. Furthermore, the analysis
revealed that there is no significant relationship between those mentioned variables. This
means that the digital divide Undergraduate Students regarding their access and use of ICT
was found not to exist

Key words: Digital Divide Survey; ICT; Undergraduate Students


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khan IU, Cavaliere LPL, Ali M. DIGITAL DIVIDE DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC AMONG UNDERGRADUAT STUDENTS OF PUNJAB, PAKISTAN. EEO. 2021; 20(6): 708-716. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.075


Web Style

Khan IU, Cavaliere LPL, Ali M. DIGITAL DIVIDE DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC AMONG UNDERGRADUAT STUDENTS OF PUNJAB, PAKISTAN. http://ilkogretim-online.org//?mno=90245 [Access: June 24, 2021]. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.075


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khan IU, Cavaliere LPL, Ali M. DIGITAL DIVIDE DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC AMONG UNDERGRADUAT STUDENTS OF PUNJAB, PAKISTAN. EEO. 2021; 20(6): 708-716. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.075



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khan IU, Cavaliere LPL, Ali M. DIGITAL DIVIDE DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC AMONG UNDERGRADUAT STUDENTS OF PUNJAB, PAKISTAN. EEO. (2021), [cited June 24, 2021]; 20(6): 708-716. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.075



Harvard Style

Khan, I. U., Cavaliere, . L. P. L. & Ali, . M. (2021) DIGITAL DIVIDE DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC AMONG UNDERGRADUAT STUDENTS OF PUNJAB, PAKISTAN. EEO, 20 (6), 708-716. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.075



Turabian Style

Khan, Imdad Ullah, Luigi Pio Leonardo Cavaliere, and Mazhar Ali. 2021. DIGITAL DIVIDE DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC AMONG UNDERGRADUAT STUDENTS OF PUNJAB, PAKISTAN. Elementary Education Online, 20 (6), 708-716. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.075



Chicago Style

Khan, Imdad Ullah, Luigi Pio Leonardo Cavaliere, and Mazhar Ali. "DIGITAL DIVIDE DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC AMONG UNDERGRADUAT STUDENTS OF PUNJAB, PAKISTAN." Elementary Education Online 20 (2021), 708-716. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.075



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khan, Imdad Ullah, Luigi Pio Leonardo Cavaliere, and Mazhar Ali. "DIGITAL DIVIDE DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC AMONG UNDERGRADUAT STUDENTS OF PUNJAB, PAKISTAN." Elementary Education Online 20.6 (2021), 708-716. Print. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.075



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khan, I. U., Cavaliere, . L. P. L. & Ali, . M. (2021) DIGITAL DIVIDE DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC AMONG UNDERGRADUAT STUDENTS OF PUNJAB, PAKISTAN. Elementary Education Online, 20 (6), 708-716. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.075








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