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Research Article 


Impact of “Food for Education Program” on Child Labour incidencein Tribal Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Rahat Sher Khan, Sajjad Ahmad Jan, Jawad Rahim Afridi, Muhammad Farhan Asif.

Abstract
This study assesses impact of Food for Education program on child labour incidence in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s tribal districts. These districts formerly comprised Pakistan’s FATA, which was affected by a protracted conflict that resulted in human, public and infrastructure losses. The tribal districts that now encompass the FATA region share many socio-economic characteristics. Moreover, the FATA region was recently affected by a large scale conflict that resulted in large numbers of its inhabitants getting killed, as well as destruction of public and private infrastructure and loss of livelihoods. This also resulted in limiting access to the region. Keeping this in consideration asample size of h Purposive sampling, 427 children were selected from Mohmand Tribal district. The dependent variables were children involved in schooling, those involved in child labour, and household chores. Explanatory variables included children, parents and household socio-economic characteristics. The analysis was done using descriptive statistics and a multinomial logit regression technique. Results show that the FFE program significantly reduced child labour incidence.

Key words: Child Labour, Child Schooling, Food for Education (FFE), World Food Programme (WFP), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s Tribal districts, Socio-economic Determinants of Child Labour.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rahat Sher Khan, Sajjad Ahmad Jan, Jawad Rahim Afridi, Muhammad Farhan Asif. Impact of “Food for Education Program” on Child Labour incidencein Tribal Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. EEO. 2021; 20(6): 691-707. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.074


Web Style

Rahat Sher Khan, Sajjad Ahmad Jan, Jawad Rahim Afridi, Muhammad Farhan Asif. Impact of “Food for Education Program” on Child Labour incidencein Tribal Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. http://ilkogretim-online.org//?mno=92219 [Access: July 01, 2021]. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.074


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rahat Sher Khan, Sajjad Ahmad Jan, Jawad Rahim Afridi, Muhammad Farhan Asif. Impact of “Food for Education Program” on Child Labour incidencein Tribal Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. EEO. 2021; 20(6): 691-707. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.074



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rahat Sher Khan, Sajjad Ahmad Jan, Jawad Rahim Afridi, Muhammad Farhan Asif. Impact of “Food for Education Program” on Child Labour incidencein Tribal Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. EEO. (2021), [cited July 01, 2021]; 20(6): 691-707. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.074



Harvard Style

Rahat Sher Khan, Sajjad Ahmad Jan, Jawad Rahim Afridi, Muhammad Farhan Asif (2021) Impact of “Food for Education Program” on Child Labour incidencein Tribal Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. EEO, 20 (6), 691-707. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.074



Turabian Style

Rahat Sher Khan, Sajjad Ahmad Jan, Jawad Rahim Afridi, Muhammad Farhan Asif. 2021. Impact of “Food for Education Program” on Child Labour incidencein Tribal Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Elementary Education Online, 20 (6), 691-707. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.074



Chicago Style

Rahat Sher Khan, Sajjad Ahmad Jan, Jawad Rahim Afridi, Muhammad Farhan Asif. "Impact of “Food for Education Program” on Child Labour incidencein Tribal Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan." Elementary Education Online 20 (2021), 691-707. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.074



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rahat Sher Khan, Sajjad Ahmad Jan, Jawad Rahim Afridi, Muhammad Farhan Asif. "Impact of “Food for Education Program” on Child Labour incidencein Tribal Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan." Elementary Education Online 20.6 (2021), 691-707. Print. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.074



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rahat Sher Khan, Sajjad Ahmad Jan, Jawad Rahim Afridi, Muhammad Farhan Asif (2021) Impact of “Food for Education Program” on Child Labour incidencein Tribal Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Elementary Education Online, 20 (6), 691-707. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.06.074








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